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U.S. NAVY / MARINES

Aircraft Camouflages

1910īs   1920īs   1930īs   1940īs   1950īs   1960īs   1970īs   1980īs   1990īs
Aggressor Schemes




1911

June

"Manufacturer Schemes"


Aircaft designation sytem




1914

Standard Scheme


27. March

Navy Genaeral Order No. 88

Aircaft designation sytem



1916

Seaplane Scheme


10. February

Bureau of Construction and Repair

Aircraft designation system


15. April

Bureau of Construction and Repair
Drawing No. 46318
"Distinguishing Marks for Naval Aeroplanes"

Insignia

Identification Markings



1917

February

NAS Pensacola
Board letter

Painting Seaplanes


NAS Pensacola
"Dazzle"Scheme


13. May

Bureau of Construction and Repair

Interior


18. May

Navy General Order No. 299

Aircaft designation system


19. May

Navy Department
General Order No. 299

National Insignia


24. July

Valentine & Company letter

Curtiss Scheme


4. August

Bureau of Construction and Repair

Aircaft designation system




1918

8. February

Navy Department
General Order No. 364

National Insignia


6. April

Standard Scheme


24./28. April

NAS Norfolk, Virginia
Camouflage tests


26. April

Chief of Naval Operations (Air)

Airship doping test


20. May

Aircraft Technical Note
No. 36
"Instructions For Finishing Naval Aircraft"


21. May

Chief of Naval Operations

NAS Pensacola
Squadron designation markings


June

Marine Corps
NAS Miami, Florida

Marine Corps
Day Wing, Northern Bombing Group
France

Camouflage

Markings


17. July

NAS Bay Shore, Long Island

Request for special trainer scheme


2. October

Marine Corps
Commanding Officer Day Wing
Message No. 15403

Markings


8. October

Marine Corps
Commanding Officer Day Wing
Message No. 12508

Markings



18. October

Bureau of Steam Engineering letter to
Inspector of Engineering Material (Aero) USN

Color identification for piping system


18. October

Bureau of Construction and Repair

Airship Markings


8. November

Chief of Naval Operations

Airship Markings


30. November

Aircraft Specification No. 49

Airship Markings



1919

Standard Scheme

Pacific Fleet Test Scheme


5. April

Chief of Naval Operations

Markings


10. May

Aeronautical Specification No. 49
(preliminary Copies)

Markings


19. August

Navy Department
General Order No. 498

National Insignia


28. November

War Department
Specification (Spec.) 3-1
"Supplemet Color Card for Paint and Related Materials"


December

Bureau of Construction and Repair
Aeronautical Specification No. 49
"Aircraft Insignia and Marking"
(reviesed)

National Insignia

Markings



1920

25. March

Navy Department
General Order No. 523

National Insignia


21. May

Bureau of Construction and Repair
letter

Markings



1921

January

Atlantic Fleet

Panama transfere Flight
Special Scheme


12. July

Bureau of Aeronautics

NAS Pensacola
Special Seaplane Scheme



1922

29. March

Technical Note No. 213

Markings


17. June

Naval Aeronautic Organisation

Markings


17. August

Major Genral Commandant
Order

USMC
Squadron Markings


17. August

USMC letter

Markings


9. November

Commander Aircaft Squadrons, Scouting Fleet

Markings



1923

9. January

Bureau of Aeronautics

NAS Pesacola
"Aggressor" Scheme


10. March

Technical Note No. 235

Aircraft Designation System


1. May

Commander Aircraft Squadrons, Battlefleet

Markings


12. July

Aeronautical Specification No. 49
(change notice)

Markings


1. December

Aeronautical Process Specification No. 3
"Aircraft Insignia and Marking"

National Insignia

Markings



1924

4. February

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order Number 54

Standard Scheme


18. June

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order Number 67

Standard Scheme


24. June

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order Number 68

Seaplane Scheme

Trainer Scheme


1. August

Aeronautical Process Specification No. 3A
"Aircraft Insignia and Marking"

Markings


17. September

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order Number 76

Landing gear


15. December

Aeronautical Process Specification No. 3B
"Aircraft Insignia and Marking"

Markings



1925

16. May

Fighting Plane Squadron One
request

Experimental Markings


19. May

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order Number 101

Stanard Scheme


28. May

Major General Commandant

USMC Markings


2. June

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 102

Seaplane Scheme


25. June

Bureau of Aeronautics

VF-1
Experimental Markings


25. June

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 106

USMC Markings



1926

Chief of Bureau of Aeronautics
UO-1 Special Scheme



1927

5. March

General Order No. 161

Squadron Designation System


26. April

Bureau of Aeronautics

Scouting force Marking System


1. June

Commander Aircraft Squadrons, Battle Fleet

Scouting force Marking System



1929

March

USMC

VP-3M Marking


6. April

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 252

Propeller Color


20. May

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 256

Propeller Color



1930

Assistant Secratary of the Navy for Air
Special Scheme


4. January

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 80

Seaplane Scheme


24. February

Bureau of Aeronautics
preliminary instructions

Section Colors

Markings


1. August

Bureau of Aeronautics

Army-Navy Standard
"Wet Color Samples"


10. December

Bureau of Aeronautics
preliminary instructions
(reviesed)

Section Colors

National Insignia

Markings




1931

20. January

Commander Carrier Divisions, Battle Fleet

Carrier Tail Colors

Carrier- and Staff Utility Aircraft


April

Bureau of Aeronautics
Dispatch
No. 9573-1230

Squadron Colors


17. April

Commander Aircraft, Battle Force
directive

National Insignia


21. April

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter to Naval Aircraft Factory

Colors used on Naval Aircraft


28. May

Commander Aircraft, Battle Force
directive

National Insignia


1. June

SR-2
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

National Insignia

Squadron Colors

Section Colors

Markings

Carrier- and Staff Utility Aircraft

Color identification for piping system

Aircraft Designation System


1. August

SR-15a
"Aeronautics Spcifications , Finishng Naval Aircraft"

Standard Scheme

Trainer Scheme


November

Carrier complement
Marine Corps Aircraft

Squadron Colors


6. November

SR-2
Modification No. 1
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"




1932

9. January

Bureau of Aeronautics
Dispatch

Markings


18. February

Bureau of Aeronautics

Airship Markings


8. March

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter Aer-D-158-EC

Exhaust color




1933

1. February

SR-2a
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Aircraft Designation System

Color identification for piping system




1934

25. May

Patrol Squadron 2F
(VP-2F)
NAS Coco Solo, Cannal Zone

Report of camouflage tests


August

Naval Aircraft Factory
Specification PF-6
"Tentative Progress Specification for Paintig Special Aircraft"

Senior officers aircraft


1. August

Bureau of Aeronautics

Requested Naval Research Laboratory to investigate Naval Aircraft Camouflage.


11. October

Commander Aircraft, Battle Force report

Squadron Colors


16. October

Base Force Report

Squadron Colors


Battleship-based

Squadron Colors


Cruiser-based

Squadron Colors


22. November

Naval Research Laboratory

"Preliminary Report on Sky Camouflage of Naval Airplanes"




1935

15. March

Naval Research Laboratory

"Handbook of Instructions for Naval Airplane Camouflage"


8. April
(approved 1. May 1935)

Commander Cruiser, Scouting Force
proposal

"Treaty Cruiser"-based
Squadron Colors


6. May

Bureau of Aeronautics

Camouflage experiments in accordance with "Handbook of Instructions for Naval Airplane Camouflage"
has to be carried out during Fleet Exersises in November 1935 to evaluate the effectiveness of the schemes.


16. May

Bureau of Aeronautics

Reserve Units Markings


22. October

Commander Aircraft, Battle Force direction

Carrier Tail Colors


12.-15. November

Fleet Exersises
Camouflage tests




1936

16. March

Major General Commander

USMC Markings


15. August

Bureau of Aeronautics
Specification SR-15b

Interior

Trainer Scheme

Amphibian flying boats


30. November

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter Aer-E-252-SG

Color identification for piping system




1937

1. February

Commander Cruiser, Scouting Force
directive

Squadron Colors


10. March

Chief of Naval Operations

Carrier Tail Colors

Squadron Colors


18. March

SR-2a
Amendment 1
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Squadron Colors


25. June
effective by 1. July 1937

Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet
Memorandum
11M-37
" U.S. Fleet Aircraft Tail Markings"

Squadron Colors


28. August

Chief of Naval Operations

Squadron Colors


9. December

Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics

Markings
Patrol Squadron Three




1938

7. May

Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics

Patrol Squadrons Markings


May
effective date 1. July 1938

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Fleet
"Tail Markings for Cruiser-based Squadrons"

Squadron Colors


23. August

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order
T. O. 50-38

Standard Scheme

Interior


15. October

SR-15c
"Naval Aeronautical Specification For The Protection of Naval Aircraft and Parts"

Waterline


16. December

Bureau of Aeronautics
dispatch

PBY
"Neutrality Patrol"
National Insignia




1939

1. July

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force

Patrol Squadrons Markings


17. August

Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet

Fleet Aircraft Tactical Unit
Marking


11. October

VO-5 commisioned

Squadron Colors


14. December

Bureau of Aeronautics
"Tentative Requirements for Application of Camouflage to Fleet Aircraft"

Day, Sea or Ground Camouflage

Night Camouflage


19. December

Bureau of Aeronautical letter to Naval Aircraft Factory

Camouflage Tests


27. December

SR-15c
Amendment 1
"Naval Aeronautical Specification For The Protection of Naval Aircraft and Parts"

Waterline




1940

12. January

Naval Research Laboratory
Letter

Recommended camouflage colors


15. January

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force

Experimental Patrol Schemes


12. February

Naval Aircraft Factory

Report
on camouflage tests


20. February

McClelland Barclay
Patent 2,190,691
"Camouflage of aircraft"


6. March

Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics

VF-3 Marking


March

"Fleet Proplem XXI"
Test Scheme 1

"Fleet Proplem XXI"
Test Scheme 2

"Fleet Proplem XXI"
Test Scheme 3


8. March

NAS San Diego, California
Local Process Specification No. 128

Appendix A
"Size and location of Insignia"

"Size and location of Model Designation, Bureau Number and Service Identification"


19. March

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 6-40

National Insignia
"Neutrality Patrol"


27. March

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force
Report

Patrol Aircraft of Scouting Force
Squadron Colors and Markings


22. April

Naval Aircraft Factory

Report
on camouflage tests


31. May

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force
Instructions to all Patrol Wings

Squadron Colors and Markings


2. July

Chief of Naval Operations

Tail Markings


10. July

USS Marryland
Camouflage tests

2 SOC Aircraft were painted in accordance with "Tentative Requirements for Application of Camouflage to Fleet Aircraft"


10. July

SR-15c
Amendment 2
"The Protection of Naval Aircraft and Parts"

Diving flaps interior


22. August

NAS North Island, California
"McClelland Barclay"
Test Schemes


9. September

NAS North Island, California
"McClelland Barclay"
Test Schemes


8. October
effective date 14. December

SR-2b
"Specification for Naval Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Propeller Color

National Insignia

Squadron Colors

Carrier Tail Colors

I.D. markings

Instrument Trainer Marking

Color identification for piping system


1. December

NAS Pensacola

Designation of training squadrons


30. December

Bureau of Aeronautics
Instructions
to all commands concerning camouflage of fleet aircraft

Ship-based type aircraft

Patol Aircraft




1941

7. January

ANA Colors
Porcelain enamel masters
Color names changed


1. February

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force

"Specific Markings for all Patrol Wings aircraft"


18. February

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter to VF-71

Unit designation markings


NAS Pensacola,
memorandum

Training Squadron 4
Patrol Plane Markings


26. February

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter Aer-E-25-HY
"Exterior Painting and Insignia and Marking for Fleet Aircraft"

Amphibian Type Aircraft
not based aboard ship

National Insignia

Squadron Colors

Propeller colors

Markings

Branch of service markings


26. February

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force, Pacific Fleet
Instruction

Standard painting for PBY and PB2Y-2


24. April

Bureau of Aeronautics

Instrument Trainer Markings


20. May

Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Fleet
Directive

"Emergency" Scheme


20. August

Commander Aircraft, Battle Force
Instruction

Carrier-based Aircraft
in Aircraft Battle Force


13. October

Commander Aircraft, Battle Force
Instruction

Fleet Aircraft


23. December

Commander in Chief, Pacific
Message 230307

Hawaiian Area
National Insignia


26. December

Bureau of Aeronautics

Shore-based Aircraft


late

ARMY-NAVY
AIR CRAFT CAMOUFLAGE
STANDARD COLORS




1942

2. January

NAS San Diego, California
Local Process Specification No. 128a

Appendix A
"Size and location of Insignia"

"Size and location of Model Designation, Bureau Number and Service Identification"


5. January

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter Aer-E-2571-BP/001085

National Insignia


28. January

Commander Aircraft, Scouting Force

Instrument Trainer Marking


6. February

Bureau of Aeronautics
Directive
Aer-E-2571-MVS (012076)
"Exterior painting, insignia and markings"

All fleet- and shore-based Aircraft

Trainer

Propeller colors

National Insignia

Markings


12. March

NAS Pensacola
Local Process Specification No. 8-42

Trainer Schemes and Markings


29. April

Commander Carriers, Pacific Fleet

Side Markings


26. March
effective date 24. April

Bureau of Aeronautics
SR-15d
"Specification for Protection of Naval Aircraft and Aircraft Parts"

Trainer

Utility Aircraft

Waterline

Interior


6. May

Secretary of the Navy
(SECNAV)
dispatch 062230
ALNAV 97
Navy dispatch number 97 intendet for all Navy units

National Insignia


11. May

NAS Jacksonville
Local Process Specification
No. 9-42
Amendment 1

Color identification for piping system


27. July

Naval Research Laboratory
report

Airships
camouflage experiments


28. July

NAS San Juan, Puerto Rico,
Local Process Specification
No. 4-42

National Insignia
Standard Sizes


19. August

NAS Quonset Point, Rhode Island
Local Process Specification
No. 3-43

National Insignia
PBY and PBY-5A


28. August

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter

Propeller colors


13. September

Bureau of Aeronautics

Patrol Wing Seven
Special Camouflage


25. September

Allied Force Headquarters
"Operation Memorandum Number 9"

Insignia
"Operation Torch"


30. October

Commander in Chief, United States Fleet letter
FF1/F39-5

Specification of Blue Gray


21. December

Chief of Bureau of Aeronautics
letter to
Manager, Naval Aircraft Factory

Propper shade of Zink Chromat




1943

5. January
effective date 1. February

SR-2c
"Specification for Exterior Colors, Insignia and Markings of Naval Aircraft"

Basic camouflage scheme

Trainer

Propeller Color

Walkways

National Insignia

Markings

Branch of service markings


12. January

Naval Air Operational Training Command
(NAOTC)

Trainer Markings
(Florida area)


30. January

Bureau of Aeronautics

Deletion of colors


1. March

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


30. April

Commander, Task Force
to all commands

"North Pacific Markings"


June

ARMY-NAVY
AIR CRAFT CAMOUFLAGE
STANDARD COLORS


28. June

ALNAV 129
dispatch 282005

National Insignia


29. June
effective date 1. September

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9a
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


19. July

Commander Atlantic (COMAIR-LANT)
message to all aircraft units

Antisubmarine warfare schemes

Scheme 1

Scheme 2


21. July

Bureau of Aeronautics
Technical Order No. 52-43

Markings


31. July

Commander, Third Fleet
(COM3rdFLT)
Message 300224
to all ships and bases in the South Pacific Area

National Insignia


August

Carrier Tail Markings
(G-Symbols)


14. August

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9b
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


9. September

Air Force Pacific Fleet
Letter No. 12L-43

Markings


28. September

ARMY-NAVY
Aeronautical Bulletin No. 157
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Camouflage"


12. October

Air Force Atlantic Fleet
Letter No. 54L-43

Markings


27. October

Naval Air Operational Command
Letter NM29-11/OTA-8/jl/F39 Serial 17128

Trainer Markings


3. November

Technical Order No. 101-43

Naval Air Transport Service
Markings


4. December

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Aeronautical Bulletin No. 166
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Glossy"


22. December
effective date 5. March 1944

SR-2d
"Specification for Exterior Colors, Insignia and Markings of Naval Aircraft"

Basic camouflage scheme

Trainer

Land-based and Amphibian Transport

Propeller Color

Interior

Antennas

Markings




1944

13. March

SR-2d
Amendment 1
"Specification for Exterior Colors, Insignia and Markings of Naval Aircraft"

Standard Camouflage Scheme

Fighter Scheme

Markings


15. March

Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation
Report No. 2040B

Interior Colors
TBF-1 and TBM-1 Avenger


24. March

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 157a
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Camouflage"


15. April

SR-70d
Amendment 3
"Aeronautical Specification for Application of Protective Coatings to Fabric Surfaces of Aircraft"


26. June

SR-2e
"Specification for Exterior Colors, Insignia and Markings of Naval Aircraft"

Basic Camouflage Scheme

Carrier-based Aircraft

ASW Scheme 2

Patrol Aircraft

Transport Aircraft

Utility aircraft

Drones & Target tow

Trainer

Helicopter

Anti-glare areas

Markings

National Insignia
for nonrigid airships


10. October

SR-15e
"Aeronautics Spcifications , Finishng Naval Aircraft"

Interior


30. December

SR-2e
Amendment 1
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Land-based
Patrol Aircraft




1945

2. January

NAS Alameda, California
Local Process Specification
No. 81

National Insignia
on Sea Blue Aircraft


27. January

United States Navy Air Force, Pacific Fleet
Confidential Technical Letter
No. 2CTL-45

I.D. Markings


11. February

Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet
Letter A3/FF12-5 Serial 3133

Hawaiian Sea Frontier Markings


10. March

SR-2e
Amendment 2
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Propeller Hubs


2. June

Air Force, Pacific Fleet
Confidential Technical Letter
No. 4CTL-45

CVE I.D. Markings


6. July

Commander Task Force 38
Message 061121

I.D. Markings


3. September

Air Force, Pacific Fleet
Confidential Technical Letter
No. 8CTL-45

CVE I.D. Markings


10. September

Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet
letter
A3/FF12-5 Serial 1930

NAS Hawaii I.D. Markings


17. October

Army-Navy Aeronautical Specification
AN-I-38
"Insignia and Markings For Search and Rescue Aircraft, Design Requirements For"

SAR Aircraft




1946

8. January

Air Force, Pacific Fleet
Letter
F39 FF12-5/(15-on)

Fast Carrier
Aircraft I.D. Markings


24. March

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 157b
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Camouflage"


29. March

Air Force, Pacific Fleet
Confidential Technical Letter
No. 1CTL-46

CVE I.D. Markings


6. May

SR-2e
Amendment 4
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Target Towing Scheme

I.D. Markings

Reserve Units Marking


10. June

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9b
Amendment 1
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


20. August

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 157b
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Camouflage"

Interior


7. November

Chief of Naval Operations
Aviation Circular Letter
No. 156-46

Squadron Markings


12. December

Chief of Naval Operations
Aviation Circular Letter
No. 165-46

I.D. Markings




1947

2. January

SR-2f
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Fighter Aircraft

Attack Aircraft

Patrol Aircraft

Utility Aircraft

Transport and Observation Aircraft

Trainer

Helicopter

USMC
Observation Planes
land-based

Hospital Aircraft

Nightfighter

Target Drones

Anti glare areas

Propeller Color

Alphabet
for
heavier than air aircraft

Reserve Units Marking

Markings


6. January

Naval Air Advanced Training Command Headquarters
Circular Letter No. 1-47

Visual Identification System


14. January

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9b
Amendment 2
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


28. February

SR-2f
Amendment 1
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Hospital Aircraft

Markings


15. May

SR-2f
Amendment 2
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Carrier Air Group Markings
Squadron Colors

Markings


15. May

Chief of Naval Operations
Aviation Circular Letter
No. 53-47
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

I. D. Markings


14. August

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9c
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


2. June

Army-Navy Aeronautical Specification
AN-I-8a
"Insignia and Markings For Search and Rescue Aircraft, Design Requirements For"

SAR Aircraft




1948

4. February

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9c
Amendment 1
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


1. May

SR-2f
Amendment 3
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

Helicopter main rotor blades

Interior of engine cowlings

Squadron Colors

Arrestor Hooks

National Insignia


25. June

Army-Navy Aeronauticel Specification
AN-I-9c
Amendment 2
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


4. August

Chief of Naval Operations
Aviation Circular Letter
No. 69-48
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Tail Markings


23. September

Naval Air Reserve Training Command
(NAResTraComd)
Memorandum No. 168-48

Reserve Aircraft Markings


24. November

Chief of Naval Air Reserve Training Command
(NAResTraComd)
Memorandum No. 168-48
Revision 1

Reserve Aircraft Markings


28. December

Chief of Naval Air Reserve Training Command
(NAResTraComd)
Memorandum No. 168-48
Revision 2

Reserve Aircraft Markings




1949

1. February

SR-2g
"Insignia, Markings and Exterior Color of Naval Aircraft"

Hospital Aircraft

SAR Aircraft

USMC
Transport Aircraft Markings


15. June

Commander Naval Operations
CNO Serial 1770P50
"Aircraft Complements and Allowances of the Navy and Marine Corps"

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


17. August

Naval Air Reserve Training Command
(NAResTraComd)
Memorandum No. 298-49 Revision 1

Reserve Aircraft Markings


5. October

Naval Air Reserve Training Command
(NAResTraComd)
Memorandum No. 298-49

Reserve Aircraft Markings




1950

23. February

Commander Naval Operations
"Aircraft Complements and Allowances of the Navy and Marine Corps"

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


31. March

Technical Note No. 5-50
"Markings of Naval and Marine Corps Aircraft"

Branch of service markings
(optional)


27. April

Department of Defence
MIL-I-6140
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


12. May

SR-2g
Amendment 1
"Specification for Aircraft Insignia and Markings"

National Insignia

Branch of service markings
(optional)


19. July

Chief of Naval Operations
Aviation Circular Letter
No. 43-50
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


23. July

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


28. July

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


31. July

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


1. August

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


2. August

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


9. August

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter NAT/F39 Serial 7128

Trainer Marking


12. August

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


30. August

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter NM58-3/F39 Serial 3534

Trainer Marking


30. August

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
Order No. 70-50 (Reviesed)

Trainer Marking


1. September

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


15. September

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


15. September

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
Order No. 70-50 (Reviesed)

Trainer Marking


27. September

Chief of Naval Air Advanced Training (CNAAT)
Order No. 61-50

Trainer Marking


29. September

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


11. October

Chief, Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-42 79707

National Insignia


18. November

Chief of Naval Air Technical Training (CNATechTra)
letter NM58-3/F39 Serial 4467

Trainer Marking




1951

11. January

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


1. February

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


7. February

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
Order No. 70-51

Trainer Marking


1. March

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


1. April

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


16. April

MIL-F-7179
"Finishes and Coatings;
General Specifications for Protection of Aircraft and Aircraft Parts"

Interiors


23. April

Chief of Naval Air Reserve Training
Memorandum No. 51-31

Reserve Trainer Marking


1. May

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


1. June

Reserve Squadrons
for duty in Korea


31. August

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
CNABTRA ISNTRUCTION 370.3

Trainer Marking


27. September

Chief Naval Air Advanced Training Command
CNAVANTRA INSTRUCTION 410.1

Trainer Marking




1952

23. April

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-421

Unpainted Aircraft Tests


3. June

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-421 Serial 78827

Trainer
High-Vis Test Scheme


13. June

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter

Trainer
High-Vis Test Schemes


16. June

SR-2h
"Insignia and Markings for Naval Aircraft"

National Insignia


20. June

Commanding Officer
NAAS Whiting Field
letter

Trainer Scheme


2. July

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter
NE:40:evc Serial 6452

Basic Training Command
Trainer High-Vis Test Scheme


25. July

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter

Basic and Advanced Training Command
Trainer High-Vis Test Scheme


3. September

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter

Basic Training Command
Trainer High-Vis Test Scheme


7. October

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter
NE:42:ky Serial 9802

Basic Training Command
Trainer High-Vis Test Scheme


17. October

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
letter

Basic Training Unit One North (BTU-1N)
Trainer High-Vis Test Scheme


31. October

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter
NE:42:lc Serial 10661

Basic Training Command
Trainer High-Vis Test Scheme


24. November

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-421 Serial 164502

Helicopter Trainer Scheme


22. December

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter
NE:42:lc Serial 12361

Trainer Scheme




1953

29. January

Bureau of Aeronautics

Trainer
Fire Orange Test-Scheme


21. May

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-421 J20-1 Serial 70365

Multi-engine Trainer
Split-Scheme


1. July

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV Notice 05400

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


19. June

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
Instruction
NAVAER 07.1

Trainer Scheme


3. August

SR-202
"Exterior Color Requirements for Naval Aircraft"

Reserve, hospital, search and rescue, and istrument training aircraft where to be painted according to their type in regular service.
Special lettering and markings could be applied (e.g. reserve fuselage band).

Airship / Ballone

Medium and Heavy Transports

Trainer Scheme

Fiberglas rain erosion protective finish
(Radomes, etc.)

Helicopter main rotor blades


22. October

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
Instruction
NAVAER 07.1
Change 2

Trainer Scheme


27. November

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
Instruction
NAVAER 07.1A

Trainer Schemes




1954

5. March

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
CNABTRA ISNTRUCTION 3561.1A

Trainer Marking


25. March

Bureau of Aeronautics Instruction
NAVAER 07.1

Interiors


1. April

Chief of Naval Air Technical Training (CNATechTra)
CNATECHTRA Instruction 3561.1

Trainer Marking


15. September

Department of Defence
MIL-I-6140(ASG)
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


21. October

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-421/139

Trainer Scheme


10. November

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA) TV
Aircraft Techical Bulletin No. 7

TV-Type
Trainer Scheme




1955

1. January

Military Air Transport Service
Specification MATS 7B

Transporter Markings


16. Februar

Bureau of Aeronautics
INSTRUCTION NAVAER 07.2

Unpainted Aircraft Tests

Helicopter


23. February

MIL-C-18263(AER)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

Fighter / Bomber

Observation Landbased

Transport Aircraft

Utility Aircraft

Patrol Scheme

ASW Scheme

Trainer

Target Towing/Drone Control Scheme

Target Drones

AEW Aircraft

Airships / Ballon

Arktic Paint Scheme

"High-Vis
Split-Scheme"

Fiberglas rain erosion protective finish
(Radomes, etc.)

Anti glare areas

Propeller blades

Landing gear

Speed brakes


9. March

Department of Defence
MIL-I-18464(aer)
"Insignia and Markings for Naval Aircraft, Reviesed Specification For"

National Insignia

Squadron Colors

Reserve Trainer Marking


9. May

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-423/250


7. July

MIL-C-8779(ASG)
"Colors, Interior, Aircraft, Requirements For"

Interiors


2. August

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV INSTRUCTION 03561.2
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


11. August

Chief of Naval Air Advanced Training (CNAAT)

Trainer Marking


12. September

Chief of Naval Operations
letter Op-501C2/pg

Trainer Marking


7. November

Department of Defence
MIL-I-6140(ASG)
Amendment 1
"Insignia; National Star (For Airplane Exterior)"

National Insignia


1. December

MIL-C-8779(ASG)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Interior, Aircraft, Requirements For"

Interiors




1956

16. July
(released at some later date)

MIL-C-18263A(Aer)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

USMC
Observation Land-based

USMC
Helicopter Land Scheme

Trainer Scheme

Landing gear

Target Drones

Walkways

Slats

Antennas

Equipment and Weapons

Engine exhaust areas

A pollished, unpainted area was to be left on the inboard side of engine nacels and wing tip tanks to permit observation of the landing gear doors from the cockpit.


24. July

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV INSTRUCTION 03561.2A
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


15. August

Bureau of Aeronautics
Letter
Aer-AE-421/214

High-Vis
"Split Scheme"


6. September

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)
letter NE:14:cl Serial 0257

Trainer Marking


10. September

Chief of Naval Air Training (CNATRA)

HTU-1
Helicopter Trainer Scheme


21. September

Bureau of Aeronautics Instruction
NAVAER 07.2A
"New Exterior Color Schemes and Paint Finishes for Naval and Marine Corps Aircraft"

Transport Landplanes

Utility Landplanes


1. October

Chief of Naval Operations
letter NE:14:ekd 0283

Trainer Marking


12. October

Chief of Naval Air Basic Training (CNABT)
Instruction 3561.1C

Trainer Marking




1957

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV NOTICE 05400
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


25. January

Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet
(COMAIRPAC)

Instruction NAVAIR 7.2


20. May

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV INSTRUCTION 03561.2A Change 1
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


29. May

COMAIRLANT INSTRUCTION 03561

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


30. July

MIL-C-18263A(Aer)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

AEW Aircraft

Helicopter




1958

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV NOTICE 05400
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


February

Naval Air Reserve Training Command
(NAResTraComd)

Reserve Trainer Markings


23. June

Chief of Naval Air Technical Training (CNATechTra)
letter 3A1 Serial 053

Trainer Marking


25. June

Chief of Naval Air Advanced Training (CNAAT)
letter NE1/V-3 F4 082

Trainer Marking


2. October

Instruction NAVAIR 7.2A, SUPLEMENT-1

High Visibility Scheme
for preventing mid air collisions

Utility Aircraft

ASW patrol aircraft


18. November

Chief of Naval Operations
letter Op-501C/pg
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


23. December

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV INSTRUCTION 03561.2B
"Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft"

Squadron Markings

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings




1959

12. February

MIL-C-18263B(Aer)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

High Visibility Scheme
for preventing mid air collisions

ASW Aircraft

Helicopter Trainer Scheme

Target Drones

Landing gear


11. March

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 157d
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Camouflage"

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 166d
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Glossy"


30. April

MIL-C-18263B(Aer)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

ASW Helicopter

Utility Scheme

Trainer Scheme

Slats


1. July

Naval Aeronautical Organization
OPNAV Notice 05400

Carrier Air Group and Squadron Markings


26. August

Bureau of Aeronautics
letter
Aer-AE-421/152

Target Towing/Drone Control Scheme


7. December

MIL-C-18263B(Aer)
Amendment 2
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

High Visibility Scheme
for preventing mid air collisions

Arctic Paint Scheme

Helicopter

Trainer Scheme

Target Towing/Drone Control Scheme

Target Drones


16. December

Bureau of Naval Weapons
letter directive
RRMA-5:SK:vs

High-Vis Scheme




1960

11. April

Department of Defence
MIL-I-18464C(Wep)
"Insignia and Markings for Naval Weapons Systems"




1961

MIL-C-18263C(Wep)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

SAR Aircraft

ASW Aircraft




1962

20. September

MIL-C-18263C(Wep)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft Requirements"

Patrol

Transport &
Utility

Helicopter

"Solar-Heat" Scheme




1963

22. May

MIL-C-8779B(Weps)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Interior, Aircraft, Requirements For"

Interior




1964

18. February

Chief of Naval Operations
Letter Op-502n/pep

High-Visibility Schemes


5. May

Chief of Naval Operations

High-Visibility Scheme


20. May

Department of Defence
MIL-I-18464E(Weps)
"Insignia and Markings for Naval Weapons Systems"

SAR Scheme


29. June

MIL-C-18263D(Weps)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

High-Visibility Scheme


6. July

Bureau of Weapons
Message 061849Z

"Presidental Helicopter Scheme"


15. October

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 157e
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Camouflage"

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 166e
"Colors: List of Standard Aircraft Glossy"


13. Novemver

Chief of Naval Operations
Speedletter
Serial 2784P50

High-Visibility Scheme


16. December

Department of Defence
MIL-I-18464E(Wep)
Amendment 2
"Insignia and Markings for Naval Weapons Systems"

National Insignia




1965

A-6A
Test Scheme


11. May

MIL-C-18263E(Wep)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

Fighter / Bomber

Patrol

Marine Observation land-based

Transport

Trainer

Target Towing/Drone Control Scheme

Utility

SAR Aircraft

AEW Aircraft

Helicopter

High-Visibility Scheme


12. July

Department of Defence
MIL-I-18464F(Wep)
"Insignia and Markings for Naval Weapons Systems"

National Insignia




1966

14. February

Chief of Naval Operations
Letter
Serial 2528P50

High-Visibility Scheme




1967

26. July

MIL-C-18263E(AS)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

Transport Aircraft

Land Camouflage

AEW Aircraft

SAR Helicopter

Reserve Aircraft

VIP and Staff Aircraft

Walkways


MIL-C-18263E(Wep)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

"Solar-Heat" Scheme

AEW Aircraft

SH-3
ASW Helicopter

OV-10 Bronco




1968

18. June

MIL-C-24047C(ASG)
"Marking for Airplanes, Airplane Parts and Missiles (Ballistic Missiles Excluded)"

Interior


12. September

MIL-C-8997C(ASG)

Interior




1969

17. October

Chief of Naval Operations

Target Towing




1970

16. April

ARMY-NAVY AVIATION
Bulletin No. 157e & No. 166e
Deleted




1971

January

AV-8A

29. June

MIL-C-18263F(AS)
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

Fighter / Bomber

Patrol

Marine Observation

ASW Helicopter
(SH-3)

Observation
(OV-10)

Transport

Trainer

Utility

Arctik Scheme

SAR Aircraft

AEW Aircraft

Target Towing/Drone Control Scheme

Helicopter

Interior


27. August

MIL-C-8999D
"Colors, Interior, Aircraft, Requirement for"

Interior




1972

9. March

MIL-C-18263F(As)
Amendment 1
"Colors, Exterior, Naval Aircraft"

Marine Observation

OV-10 Bronco

Interior


20. October

Department of Defence
MIL-I-6140B
"Insignia, National Aircraft"

National Insignia




1975

TA-4F
Experimental Camouflage




1976

Ferris
Paint Scheme




1977

January

Chief of Naval Operations
Message 121828Z

USMC
Tactical Helicopter Scheme


18. February

Chief of Naval Operations
Message 181716Z

Fighter / Bomber


April

Chief of Naval Operations
Message 041506Z

USMC
Tactical Helicopter Scheme




1980

Juli

NAVAIR

F/A-18A
Tactical Paint Scheme 1


August

NAVAIR

F-4
Tactical Paint Scheme


30. December

Chief of Naval Operations
Message 301815Z

Air Force Atlantic Fleet (AIRLANT) was directed to evaluate the Tactical Paint Scheme.




1981

4. February

Air Force Atlantic Fleet (AIRLANT)

Designated Carrier Air Wing 7 (CVW-7) to evaluate the Tactical Paint Scheme.


4. February

AIRLANT letter to NAVAIR

TPS evaluation report


November

AV-8B 3-Tone Scheme

29. December

NAVAIR letter to CNO

F-14A
Tactical Paint Scheme

A-6E
Tactical Paint Scheme

A-7E
Tactical Paint Scheme

EA-6B
Tactical Paint Scheme 1




1983

AV-8B FSD #4
Test Scheme

June

Air Force Atlantic Fleet (AIRLANT)

F/A-18A
Tactical Paint Scheme 2

EA-6B
Tactical Paint Scheme 2




1983 - 86

Heather - Ferris
Test Schemes




1985

18. April

Department of Defence
MIL-STD-2161(AS)
"Paint Schemes and Exterior Markings for U.S. Navy an Marine Corps Aircraft"

Land Camouflage 1

Land Camouflage 2

AV-8B Wraparound Scheme

Helicopter

National Insignia




1986

8. May

75. Anniversary of US Naval Aviation
Special Schemes




1987

April

F-16N
Aggressor
"Ghost Scheme"




1990

September
NASC Message 051656 Z

AV-8B

OV-10


"Desert Storm"

A-6E
Test Scheme

A-7E
Test Scheme

OV-10




1991

Oktober

NASC Message 030195 Z

Marine Observation & Helicopter
Tactical Paint Scheme




1993

AV-8B
Tactical Paint Scheme




Aggressor Camouflages


A-4E
VF-43 #320

A-4E
Top Gun #54

A-4E
Top Gun #55

A-4E
Top Gun #56

A-4E
Top Gun #52

A-4E
Top Gun #56

A-4E
VA-126 #32

F-14
NSAWC
"Splinter" Scheme

F-18
Grey Scheme

F-18
Brown Scheme

F-18
Blue Scheme

F-18
Mig 29 Brown Scheme

F-18
Mig 29 Blue Scheme


© by Jens Popp

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